The Ultimate Hens Night Ideas & Organization Guide Part- 6

Hens night in Adelaide

Hens Night Games

One of the most difficult things when organizing a Hens night in Adelaide is deciding what fun hens night games to play – here is a list of a few I know and the ones I would avoid in my experience.

All of these games are best enjoyed with groups of 16+ and are definitely best enjoyed with topless waiters! Here are the best hens night games.

Hens night in Adelaide
Hens night in Adelaide

Good hens night games;

  • Penis Playdough!

          Separate the girls into even groups (2-3) and make them battle it out in an epic sculpting contest of who can sculpt the best penis! Give each girls different prizes, most realistic, most creative and best representative of grooms!  Let the Topless Waiters choose your winner! All you need is a few tubs of playdough, you can give them out at the end of the night to ladies with children/nephews anyway.

  • Q & A

          Have the groom record himself answering pre-determined questions given to him by the bridal party about their relationship (make them interesting and a bit embarrassing) – then have bride answer the same questions – whenever her answer doesn’t line up with the grooms she has to take a shot! When it does line up, the bride can nominate another to do the shot!

Jelly shots are great for this game, use a topless waiter to do body shots off for extra punishment! Don’t make the questions boring and keep it to 5-6 questions (otherwise the game can drag on), it’s more interesting to ask raunchy questions, which will force the bride to either lie or to guess whether her husband is going to lie!

  • Toilet Paper Game

This one is a classic, it consists of grouping up into pairs with one decorator and one model!

Essentially you must dress your model into the best toilet paper bridal dress possible! Place a timer on to give a sense of urgency, then perform a catwalk and let the Topless Waiters pick out the winner! Maybe not the best game to pay if someone is very environmentally friendly though… (save the trees!) A fun twist is to see how long the ladies can leave their dresses on for – with a prize for the winner (I’ve seen ladies take this so seriously they wear their toilet paper dresses out!!)

  • Ping Pong Twerk Off

Attach an empty tissue box to the bum of the different competitors and fill it with ping pong balls! They then must twerk-off and whoever gets all the ping pong balls out first wins!

Bad;

  • Malteser in bowl game

This game involves girls forming teams of two and attempting to pick up a malteser out of a bowl using a straw and drop it off in a bowl – it is not a terrible game but it tends to be actually very hard and quickly grows quite boring. If you’re going to do this make sure you don’t use too many maltesers otherwise it will take ages!

  • Popping Balloons on people in sex positions

This is one that sounds like it would be a lot of fun in theory, but in practice almost always devolves into stupidity – basically anything that involves popping balloons is actually really hard to execute! Why? Because balloons are actually really hard to pop! You actually have to squeeze extremely hard on the person to pop the balloon and even then it may not pop – people begin using sharp objects or dig in their nails and the whole purpose of the game just gets ruined!

Games in general are a great addition to spice up a hens night, however they are not really essential to make your night a good one. If you see the ladies having a good time just chatting on their own and the party has good vibes then there is no real need to stop everything in order to play a game, however if it is a little dull then that’s a great time to get everyone into a game and a few shots in their bellies! I wouldn’t go too overboard on the games, 1-2 games across a 3-4 hour period is more than enough! Many hens I’ve been to don’t even play any hens night games, each to their own. All of John Parker’s Hens night packages Adelaide contain 2 free hens night games to spice up your event, so you don’t have to worry about a thing!

Source: https://jparkerevents.com/ultimate-hens-night-ideas-organization-guide-part-6/

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The Ultimate Hens Night Ideas & Organization Guide Part- 7

Hens night Perth

Cocktails

Cocktails are final icing on the Hens night Perth cake! Here are some pointers in regards to organizing cocktail events through organizations. When booking for a package ensure you find the minimum quantity of people for each package at the per person price advertised – for instance we charge $79.99pp for unlimited cocktails and waiters for four hours in one of our packages, this amounts to $1600 minimum at 20 people. If you had 15 people, you would actually be paying $106.60 each for this service. Other organizations might charge $79 for seemingly more value, however when you enquire further you realize that you are actually paying a minimum of $2000, so proceed with caution when checking out your options.

Hens night Perth
Hens night Perth

I would also proceed with caution in regards to the word “unlimited” when discussing cocktail packages with your spoken provider. Many providers will state the word unlimited but in fact they will provide you with maybe 40 cocktails max, always investigate whether or not you can truly help yourself to unlimited cocktails for the full duration of your event and keep an eye out for any soft-caps that may be put on your event. At John Parker Events – our Hens night packages Perth always provide you with UNLIMITED drinks for the entire duration of the package.

Other, less reputable companies however may follow overly-strict RSA laws to cut you or your guests off earlier than normal in order to save on alcohol costs (another soft cap), I would always ask for a copy of the company’s terms and conditions before depositing any money.

Wrapping things up

I hope this guide has given you a little bit of insight into hens nights in Australia, whether you have any experience in organizing these events or none at all!

We would love to hear from you, check out our facebook and instagram @johnparkerevents_au for more from us!

If you have any questions or would like to make an enquiry feel free to contact me at info@jparkerevents.com

Source: https://jparkerevents.com/ultimate-hens-night-ideas-organization-guide-part-7/

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DAILY CONTENT AND CONVERSION RATES: WHY ARE THEY IMPORTANT?

fitness marketing

One of the hottest debated topics, when internet fitness marketing professionals get together, is how often a company needs to post to create the optimal customer engagement. According to a popular social media pre-scheduling tool who crunched the data from 10 different studies, companies need to post to Facebook, Instagram and LinkedIn at least once a day, Pinterest 11 times per day and Twitter 15 times per day for optimal results. Breaking down those figures further helps one understand the best way to engage with your audience on each of these popular social media platforms.

fitness marketing
fitness marketing

Facebook

Using Facebook ads that have optimized user-friendly landing page is the best way to convert lookers into customers on this social media platform that has over 1.47 billion customers on a daily basis. Target your potential audience by their interest to make sure that you are showing up regularly on the feed of people who are going to be interested in your products or services. According to Word Counter, multiple photos, videos, and links may seem more interesting and attention-grabbing, but data shows that the simplest posts (i.e., single photo attachment or status-only) reap the most engagement. Give your audience something that they will be interested in receiving in exchange for their information. Write compelling headlines to raise the click-through rate on articles that you post.

Instagram

Instagram is the fastest growing social media platform in the world. Give users promo codes that will make them want to use your products along with good calls to action from your company’s bio. This article from Entrepreneur reinforces, “never underestimate a good call to action (CTA), even though Instagram is a visual platform, an enticing call to action will help change casual viewers into customers.” Run contests to get your customers to show how they are using your products. Use Instagram stories to tell a compelling brand story.

LinkedIn

LinkedIn is a powerful platform when it comes to business-to-business sales. Use your fully completed profile to make a compelling case for why people should do business with your company. While you do not want to stuff keywords in, make sure to use as many as possible in ways that make sense. Create optimized links in your bio.

Pinterest

Pinterest is a visual site, and research shows that the best visuals for this platform are 736 pixels by 1102 pixels. Food and drink pins along with how-to pins do amazing on this site as long as you have a compelling headline with your keywords in it and good visuals. Make it easy for people on your site to pin your content straight to their personal pages on this platform.

Twitter

Engaging your customers by asking questions is one of the most effective ways to drive conversions on Twitter. Images are another powerful way to engage your audience on this platform. Evenings and weekends often have the best engagement rates but try it with your own A/B tests as your results may be different.

Using each of these platforms is a powerful way to engage customers at each step of the sales funnel. Yet, each requires a different approach. The most important tip, however, is to consider the relevance of your target audience on each platform. Employ these tips to drive customers to your business today.

For More Detail Visit Here: https://pfmarketingsolutions.com/2018/11/19/the-importance-of-daily-content-and-conversion-rates/

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Pendulum, the Anti-Buy Now

crossfit pasadena

WE ARE THE ANTI-BUY NOW

We are becoming the fattest, and least healthiest generation in American history. We sit, eat, and drink more than ever before.

Crossfit Pasadena PENDULUM is the antithesis of this generation. We will not be okay with things that are easy. We embrace the process and are okay with failure. Because, we believe that when we fail it leads us closer to what we are trying to learn and become.  We were made to be in movement, using our bodies, playing sports, moving heavy things, having fun with family and community while eating fresh and nutritious food. The time is now for putting a stop to this generation and like a crossfit Pasadena PENDULUM swing back in the opposite direction and constantly stay in motion.

MORE MEDICAL BILLS

crossfit pasadena
crossfit pasadena

People are paying more for medical bills (see CNBC) and pills than ever before. However, do not want to pay for a membership that is a fraction of the medical bills they receive.  We will fight this trend. People are joining CrossFit gyms for the exercise, but they are staying because of the results and the community. Because people matter.

Drew, Christina Girton and Dario Ruiz, the owners, have worked as personal trainers, strength and conditioning coaches, tennis coaches, Fitness Managers for different Fitness Clubs and a Division 1 University. With a combined 20+ years of experience between Drew and Chris, you will not find a more battle tested and educated staff in Los Angeles.

The hardest step to take is the first one, we will be here to help you through that journey. We look forward in hearing from you soon.  If you are interested in taking the next step fill out the link to try out a free intro session with us.

Article Source: https://crossfitpendulum.com/anti-buy-now/

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Attic Conversions to Add Extra Space

attic conversions

Homeowners spend a lot of money to create beautiful house with a unique style. However, some homeowners pay little attention to the proper utilization of unused floor space. This may cause a problem when the family size of the property owner increases and one needs more space in the house. Creating an attic conversion is often a great way to add more space. Attic conversions have become a common trend these days. It not only adds extra floor space but also looks appealing.

Why do house owners opt for attic conversion?

Attic conversions
Attic conversions

Attic conversions are one of the best ways of adding floor space to your house. It can add value to your home at the same time. It can also give a new and attractive look to your home by freeing up downstairs space.

If you have an expanding family, you can design the attic in such a way that the elder child gets his or her own space. Many homeowners also look for attic conversions to create recreational space for the family. Some opt for an attic conversion to create some extra space that can be used as a guest bedroom or office.

Home improvement projects can be expensive, however attic conversions are often a more cost-offective option compared to external extensions. It is often easier to build as the space is essentially already there. Attic conversions are a popular trend these days as they add space to your house, and many home owners enjoy better views of their street and community from their new viewpoint.

Hire the best professionals for attic conversion

Once you have made up your mind for remodeling the attic, you should hire the best professionals to ensure that everything goes smoothly and safely. If you want your attic to be functional and appealing, look for the professionals who have extensive experience in the industry. They should possess the right skills to design your attic in such a way that it is more functional and attractive. A good expert can take care of everything right from planning the design to carrying out and completing the work without leaving any mess.

Cost of attic conversion

It is important to get a cost estimate for attic conversion. Contact a few reputable professionals and get an idea about the costs involved for your specific property. Most good contractors will provide a quote free of charge. Get quotes from as many local attic converters ion specialists as you can and compare them before deciding on the one to go with. When you have the right team of professionals, you can transform your home into something amazing.

There is no doubt that attic conversion adds extra usability to your home, and often gives you the space you need without having to move house.

TM Lofts is a carpentry company that specialises in attic conversions Bristol. TM lofts ensures that home owners get the right solution for their property and budget.

Source: http://www.tmlofts.co.uk/attic-conversions-to-add-extra-space/

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Tell Me Why I Need Small Business Accountants Near Me

Unless you know how to do your own bookkeeping, are familiar with all relevant tax legislation and are prepared to stay up late to keep up to date to avoid being fined or taxed too much and are absolutely confident that you are managing your business affairs brilliantly, you don’t actually need small business accountants near me.

If not, then you do need one. Some people say that they save lots of money due to the fact that they do their own bookkeeping and prefer it that way, but if you’re not able to bring it to balance sheet level and you’re trying to do your own taxes, there is a fair chance that you will end up making an error. Good small business accountants near me see people paying huge fines because their ‘books’ were not order even though the client believed they were.

small business accountants near me
small business accountants near me

It’s too easy for me to say you need small business accountants near me, let’s rather say you’d benefit from having a good one. Firstly, you’d be able to stick to your own field of expertise while your small business accountants near me take the entire “books’ and ‘tax’ burden away from you.

Secondly, and most importantly, good small business accountants near me will save you money in the end and make sure that all your financial affairs are being taken care of.

Don’t underestimate the knowledge they have on general business issues either. A strong small business accountants near me can be a good ally to have in a very competitive market and could just make that little bit of a difference to land that big contract.

On the money saving side of things small business accountants near me could help make your administrative affairs run more smoothly and efficiently by assisting and advising on the implementation of internal systems and cost cutting as well as reviewing your business plan with you and suggesting relevant changes that suit the current market.

It’s true that small business accountants near me require payment for their services but, considering what you gain in return, it’s a service worth paying for and technically, good small business accountants near me should you save you enough money to pay for their own service! Think of your small business accountants near me as you very own piggy bank with the benefits being long terms savings and you’ll end up getting a lot more out of the relationship.

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Mobile Solar Pvs Can Now Replace Diesel Generators for Disaster Relief and Military Operations

off grid inverter

Diesel generators as a temporary power supply for military operations, disaster relief efforts and music festivals could soon be replaced by mobile solar PVs.

An Australian-made innovation, CROSS is a factory assembled, a relocatable solar array that has been developed to reduce the logistics challenges associated with deploying solar PV generators.

Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) has announced $289,725 in funding for Canberra-based ECLIPS Engineering to design, manufacture and test its rapidly deployable Container Roll Out Solar Panel System (CROSS). This is on behalf of the Australian government.

Designed to fit inside a standard shipping container, the CROSS units can be stacked up to seven units high. The system also come available in 20ft and 40ft configurations, with a maximum output of 2,175W and 4,350W delivered in minutes ready for connection to an off grid inverter.

off grid inverter
off grid inverter

The $703,468 total project opens up markets not previously available to the renewables industry, including defense, disaster recovery, humanitarian, construction and temporary network augmentation.

“CROSS units can be deployed in off-grid and fringe-of-grid areas, displace or offset diesel consumption and improve the security of existing networks,” ARENA CEO Ivor Frischknecht said.

“These renewable options can reduce some of the barriers to entry for potential renewable power users in remote locations, including short project durations and where power systems need to be periodically relocated,” Mr. Frischknecht said.

Roll-Out-Solar-SystemRoll-Out-Solar-System

“Renewable energy can provide an emissions-free, silent energy system that could replace diesel generators in the long run.”

Managing Director of ECLIPS Shaun Moore said that the main purpose of CROSS was to improve power self-sufficiency for defense.

“One of our early objectives was to provide rapidly deployable utility-scale PV generators to improve the self-sufficiency of Defence’s deployed forward operating bases. Diesel consumption related to the provision of electricity can account for up to 70% of deployed forces’ fuel usage and is a significant cost driver. More importantly, deploying CROSS to forward operating bases also reduces the frequency of convoys for fuel resupply, which reduces the threat to soldiers in contested environments.

“These same logistics efficiencies and benefits are transferable to commercial and utility customers in remote areas of Australia,” he said.

Article Source

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Why Secure Transportation is Critical – Duty of Care for Business Travel

The needs for employers to meet their duty of care requirements to employees is a complex process to navigate for many organizations. Understanding what measures you can take to manage this level of risk remains a considerable challenge. Incorporating the use of secure ground transportation USA into your travel risk management plans is a prudent move to reduce this risk and keep your people safe. Now, more than ever the need arises as to how best to meet this legal obligation for staff and employees who are traveling overseas on company business. The constituent groups this affects are varied, ranging from executives, accompanying spouses and dependents, students, teachers, volunteer groups, contractors – the list goes on.

A Duty of Care – A Definition

The broadly accepted definition of Duty of Care is: ‘is a legal obligation, which is imposed on an individual requiring adherence to a standard of reasonable care while performing any acts that could foreseeably harm others. It is the first element that must be established to proceed with an action in negligence.’ Moreover, there is now a growing recognition both in the courts and with potential plaintiffs that breaches of duty of care occurring abroad can be heard in U.S. courts. The number of cases being presented has increased and employment lawyers are particularly alert to the issue.

secure ground transportation1

Secure Transportation Considerations when Overseas

This sets an additional standard to be met by employers – in that the measures in place to meet the requirement at home may not suffice abroad. In fact, it is almost certain that it won’t. Your senior executives and traveling staff members will likely be most at risk and exposed to hazards when in transit – particularly when traveling by road or awaiting transportation outside of an airport, venue or business premises. If you are not paying attention to the additional safety and security needs for staff on travel abroad then it is highly likely that you may be placing your own organization at risk – both in terms of their physical safety, but also of potential future litigation.

Increasing Levels of Risk for the Business Traveler

The much-publicized case in 2015 of former NGO worker Steve Dennis provides an excellent example. Dennis, a former staff member of the Norwegian Re (NRC) issued the agency, claiming gross negligence and failure in duty of care after he was kidnapped and shot in Dadaab, Kenya. Dennis was traveling in a convoy through the camp when his car came under attack. The driver was killed, Dennis was shot in the leg and he and three other colleagues were taken captive. Interviewed in 2015, Dennis stated that: “Like everyone going into a risky situation for work, I believe there’s a minimum level of training and procedures required and when it’s not there I believe there should be accountability for it.”[1] This case absolutely highlights the need to have deliberate and sensible measures in place for employees traveling abroad – especially in an environment where there is an increased level of risk. Not only is transportation key, but also training employees – click here to learn about the Explore Secure® online travel safety training.

How Secure Executive Transportation can Protect Your Company

Employers and HR managers can help protect their staff (and indeed themselves) by reviewing their procedures and policies. Consider the use of pre-travel training packages or courses to prepare their people for the trips. Then, consider what can be done in-country to further reduce risk. As most issues and incidents tend to arise when people are in transit (especially traveling in vehicles on roads) a further consideration must be the use of secure executive transportation – with trained and vetted drivers. In higher risk environments with an increased likelihood of criminal activity, you may wish to use the enhanced services of a close protection officer in conjunction with secure transportation. It will keep you out of the courts – but above all will set conditions for a safer workplace abroad which in turn will allow your staff to focus on your organizational goals.

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Protective Surveillance White Paper

Pprotective

Protective Surveillance

The nuances of personal protection and the specialist options available to High Net Worth Individuals (HNWI’s), VIPs and Celebrities are never ‘one size fits all’. With each client, the situation and threat level will vary, as will their requirements and appetite. When it comes to security there is a myriad of options available, often (and hopefully) with multiple, complementary components working together in harmony. One weapon in the personal protection armory is Protective Surveillance. This article attempts to provide a comprehensive overview of a service that has multiple benefits, quite a few limitations, and several misrepresentations.

What is Protective Surveillance?

Protective surveillance is the creation of a covert security team around an individual or group, forming a protective bubble around the client in a covert manner. The Protective Surveillance Team (PST) watches those that may be watching the client. The primary role of a PST is working to control spaces and areas that would be used by hostile surveillance and potential imminent threats. Their objective is to pro-actively identify hostiles and threats (achieved through counter surveillance, behavioral analysis, and risk assessment). The other role of a PST (that runs concurrently) is to be able to react as a Quick Reaction Force (QRF) if required in extremis.

Why Utilize Protective Surveillance?

Hostiles normally use some form of pre-attack surveillance – whether rudimentary or professional. This may be short-term surveillance e.g. perpetrated by an individual opportunistic criminal looking for the best time to strike, or a high-level, multi-person surveillance team on a high-value target for hostile intent e.g. kidnap or murder. The PST will also be set-back from the Close Protection Team (CPT) and will likely have more of an over-arching perspective, able to dynamically risk assess without being caught ’in the weeds’.

protective surveillance 1

Why Do Hostile Gangs/Terrorists Undertake Surveillance?

Hostile individuals or groups need to gather intelligence on their target. To increase the chances of a successful attack it is useful to know the comings and goings of a target, their habits, and routines. What security they have, its strengths and weaknesses. What are the opportunities and threats? A hostile surveillance team will be trying to answer all these things and more. It is with this information that they can formulate a plan to attack their target more effectively and with a greater chance of success.

One example of hostiles undertaking pre-attack surveillance is the kidnap of Anneli-Marie in Germany, 2015. The kidnappers told police after being caught that they followed her for weeks, gaining information. Eventually, when the time was right they struck. Anneli-Marie was walking the family dog around the estate near her house when they attacked, dragged her into the car trunk and zip tied her. This incident, unfortunately, ended badly after the kidnappers panicked when they thought she saw their faces. They killed her, and still tried to obtain the ransom.

Protective Surveillance Teams – A pro-active resource

Identifying threats early is vital to ensure time to react. If one has time to react then the chances of a favorable outcome are increased dramatically. Any aggressive force normally has the advantage of surprise. The attack occurs on their terms. Very few aggressors will attack if they don’t feel they have the upper hand, they do so at a time of their choosing, and probably after extensive planning and preparation.

The assassination of Denis N. Voronenkov in March 2017, a former Russian lawmaker who was killed in Kiev in a widely publicized killing, identifies what happens when security does not have time to react. Denis Voronenkov, who’d been a Communist member of Russia’s lower legislative house before he left, was fatally shot outside a hotel in broad daylight. The assassin walked up behind the target and his personal security, then shot Voronenkov, after which a gunfight ensued and both Assassin and security were shot, and the VIP left dead.

There is an increased chance that a PST would have identified the threat early, communicated with the CPT and been able to pre-empt the attack or intercept.

Protective Surveillance is NOT Close Protection

A normal CPT will have a multitude of tasks and duties to perform that require their undiluted attention. Their focus must when moving with the client, be on the there and now, able to react at a seconds notice to the immediate threat. They provide the necessary ‘close’ protection.

Although a CPT will likely carry out anti-surveillance, taking actions to determine whether they may be under surveillance, a CPT cannot be protective surveillance, and a CPT cannot carry out counter-surveillance. It is the author’s opinion that effective hostile surveillance detection on high-level adversaries can only be undertaken as an entirely covert separate entity. To have complete separation to the CPT and be no way linked over time or by proxy minimizes the chance of being compromised – this is key to successful Counter-Surveillance.

What is the Difference Between Counter-Surveillance and Protective Surveillance

Counter-surveillance is when a third party is utilized to identify whether an individual or group is the target/subject of surveillance. A dedicated counter-surveillance team utilizes multiple methods both physical and technical to determine covertly whether someone is under surveillance. This terminology is often horrendously misused within the industry from commercial ‘experts’ causing extensive confusion.  Please click here to learn more about Hostile Surveillance Detection.

A protective surveillance team carries out counter-surveillance as one of its main roles but also has an underlying objective to protect the client from all threats, unlike a counter-surveillance team that remains covert and disseminates intelligence; a PST is in position, and trained to react to threats if necessary, and to break cover in the interests of client safety if required.

protective surveillance 2

Why does the CPT not just carry out Anti-Surveillance?

Accurately and efficiently identifying surveillance comes down to a large number of variable factors, the core ones being; the skill of the surveillance team and the skill of the anti/counter surveillance operators. It is very easy to look, but actually quite hard to see. Meaning: Many so-called surveillance ‘experts’ know the theory, but few have quality experience e.g. counter-terrorism, counter-espionage at a Government level, and/or extensive commercial experience.

Many close protection officers and self-titled hostile surveillance experts have only done at most a week or two of surveillance training or only commercial operations. The majority, have never been operational against surveillance aware, government level targets in challenging and dynamic environments. In most cases, this is just not enough to have a comprehensive ability to identify organized surveillance teams. A trained surveillance team should be able to identify anti-surveillance being carried out by a CPT and avoid it. Likewise, poorly implemented counter-surveillance is easily identifiable. This is compounded even further if the people carrying out the anti or counter-surveillance do not know what they are looking for and when – leading to a false sense of security.

How Can Hostiles Identify and Avoid Good Counter-Surveillance?

If done correctly, effective counter-surveillance is extremely hard to identify and nearly impossible to avoid. If a professional counter-surveillance team carries out the role, the hostile surveillance team will never know they have been identified. This is what the PST does, they undertake counter-surveillance in a dynamic role, but ready to function in other roles including as a QRF.

Protective Surveillance is NOT Low-Profile Protection

Low-profile protection is not to be confused with Protective Surveillance, low profile is not covert, low profile is not counter-surveillance. There are multiple uses and reasons for the application of low profile security, but the key objective of this article is the description of Protective Surveillance. A PST, to be effective, must remain covert and separate from the close protection detail.

What Are the Objectives of a Protective Surveillance Team

The PST’s main objective is to remain covert at all times, working constantly to covertly identify hostile surveillance and any other potential threats to the principal. By conducting Counter-Surveillance there is an increased chance of identifying hostiles in attack-planning stages or identifying pre-attack indicators of hostiles. If such hostiles are identified there are normally (but not limited to) three follow up options:

  • Inform the close protection team of a potential threat so that the Team Leader can make an informed decision e.g. the removal of the client to a safe environment, but without highlighting that a threat has been identified.
  • Aim to follow the hostile surveillance team to gather intelligence on them (conduct surveillance on that hostile surveillance team – sometimes incorrectly referred to as Counter-surveillance), obtain intelligence, positive identifications etc. so that the necessary authorities can deal with and extinguish the threat.
  • If the threat is perceived as being imminent the PST can either disrupt, defend, pre-emptively attack, or supplement.

When Should Protective Surveillance Be Utilized?

Protective surveillance is best suited to individuals, families, or groups at high risk of kidnap or attack. It is, due to the covert requirements, a resource-intensive role. To source experienced operators and have them working in a protective surveillance role requires significant investment. Sometimes a blend of close protection, low profile protection, and hostile surveillance detection may be commensurate with risk, or better suited to budget.

Protective Surveillance for High-Risk

For a high-risk client, it is imperative a security team is pro-active and not reactive. Too many times history has shown that systems are put into operation too late. When it comes to high-risk clients, protective surveillance must only be used in conjunction with a close protection team. The two teams though separate, are symbiotic. They work hand in hand towards the shared goal of keeping the client safe and secure. A PST on its own would likely be able to identify certain threats at an early stage and act accordingly. However, they would rarely be close enough to protect the client from an impromptu attack, or act as a last line of defense. They are also not an overt presence that acts as a visual deterrent to potential threats. This is why the two teams work perfectly together, each with a different scope of work, yet entirely interlinked.

Let us look at a real-life scenario, highlighting where protective surveillance could have fitted perfectly in conjunction with close protection to help engineer a very different outcome.

Protective Surveillance – Case Study  – A Colombian former interior minister Fernando Londono in Bogota was attacked during a vehicle convoy. His two-car convoy was held at a set of lights (one free lane to its left, two free lanes to its right) A bus then joined the left lane followed by cars to the left and right. Then a man crosses the street approximately 20 meters behind the cars carrying a large object. He circles around the bus and approaches Fernando Londono’s car attaching a limpet mine to the left front side. Within 30 seconds the mine explodes leaving two dead and 48 injured. Fernando Londono was very fortunate to survive; his level 5-armored car played a significant part in this. Some of his security detail was not so lucky.

It seems highly likely that the attackers in this instance would have had to have put Londono under prior surveillance to establish his routes, what car he traveled in, what security he had with him, did he have a pattern of life? Where best to carry out the attack and how to escape (the attacker ran down an alley to a waiting motorcycle).

A multitude of questions would need to have been answered to carry out such an attack. Protective surveillance would have most likely identified hostile observations and highlighted the imminent attack planning. Further, a PST follows the client at distance to observe the surroundings. There is a good chance that the team would have spotted a car following the client and more so an individual carrying a large suspicious object purposefully walking towards the client’s vehicle. As mentioned earlier identifying threats early is vital to allow time to react.

To further delve into this case study, Londono survived and was removed from the vehicle (via the trunk) injured and dazed within 30 seconds. His surviving close protection officers did a great job of extracting him through the crowd. What if there had been a second wave attack though? Let us imagine that the attackers had mounted a small arms assault post-explosion.

There is a good chance the surviving officers would have been overpowered due to their trauma and the focus on removing the principal. A PST also acts as a Quick Reaction Force (QRF) and would have been able to move in and work to protect the immediate vicinity, and help counter any secondary or tertiary attack. Thus, a PST can provide the necessary cover and support so the CPOs could withdraw to the protective surveillance’s vehicles and extract the client. This is obviously in an ideal world, and hindsight is a wonderful thing, but the principle is valid.

A QRF does exactly as its namesake; it is a force (in this case a PST) able to react quickly in case of emergency. The covert nature of the team would be disregarded at times of extremes to act as a suitable support team. Whether this is as an assault team, a medical support team, or an extraction team. The fact that they would be covert right to the last moment provides an extra level of surprise and advantage to the protection detail.

A Focused Tool

Protective surveillance is a specific and focused tool in the provision of security to an individual or group. In the case of High-Risk protection, it is ideally suited to work hand in hand with a close protection team. Their symbiosis allows for a greater level of protection to be in place and most importantly allows TIME TO REACTFor a PST to be effective it requires operators skilled and experienced in surveillance and counter-surveillance, as well as preferably Close Quarter Battle (CQB) and dynamic Hostage Rescue. Able to remain covert at all times whilst being in the right place at the right time to identify threats, and then react accordingly. This is why ex-Special Forces (UKSF and Tier1 US SF) and former Government level operators are perfectly suited to PSTs.

Covert protection – Unknown to the Protectee/s

Protective Surveillance can be used without the client knowing they are being protected. This is often used in cases of children that may be at risk from abduction or kidnap but do not know the risk for whatever the reason or the guardians require a greater degree of peace of mind. High net worth individuals and celebrities, for example, may have close protection teams but their children do not and have no appetite to do so. Yet the risk still exists. Kidnaps and abduction are a significant risk for these individuals as was identified in the Anneli-Marie case in Germany.

There are multiple limitations to this form of protection. As discussed prior, there would be no ‘bodyguard’ or person/s close to the protected at all times. Although not providing the level of protection that a CPT does, a PST can mold to this requirement of covert protection, allowing a parent to have peace of mind that their children are being observed, and overseen by a security team.

Point to Note: With reference children, a PST can be supplemented by a Close Personal Protection Officer Male or Female that operates in a Nanny, or Child Minder role (overtly responsible for safety and welfare of the child) but covertly they are trained CPOs, medics and in constant covert communication with the PST.

Protective Surveillance – Client Not Wanting Overt Security and Willing To Accept The Limitations

Whilst protection may be required, overt bodyguards or close protection teams may not suit the client. Certain clientele desire covert protection, not wanting the attention gained from having an overt team in close vicinity at all times, yet wanting the confidence that someone is watching over them, and working to protect them. Just like earlier there are multiple limitations to this form of ‘protection’ as no person is close to the client at all times. But, if done well a PST can adapt and constantly work to control the areas around the client, be in the best position possible, at the right times, undercover. This method is often expensive, more suited to short-term, set-itineraries, but can be achieved.

This article was written by Mark Deane, the CEO of ETS Risk Management Inc. and previously published in the Circuit Magazine.

Mark is a risk management specialist whose experience stems from his previous career as a Covert Operational Officer with the British Government. Since leaving HMG he has developed ETS Risk Management into one of the leading security companies for individuals, organizations, and corporates requiring a range of boutique protective services including protective surveillance.

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What Medicare Supplement Plan G Provides

Medigap

Medicare Supplement Plan G is one of the most robust of the ten Medigap options. While some who talk about Medicare coverage options such as Medicare Part G joke about supposed lack of medical coverage, the Plan G option is far from laughable.  For those who want to reduce their out-of-pocket costs beyond what Medicare Parts A and B cover, Medigap Plan G might well be a wise choice.

What is Medicare Part G? What Does Plan G Cover?

As with any Medicare Supplement Plan G helps defray health care costs not paid by Medicare Parts A and B.  While each of the various insurance carriers offering Plan G creates its own package of perks, some benefits are standard to all.

Plan G medicare coverage includes:

  • Co-insurance costs for up to 365 days of a hospital stay after Medicare Part A runs out.
  • Part A deductible. In 2017, that cost is $1,316.
  • Part B co-insurance or co-pay. Once the Part B deductible has been met, this co-pay is 20 percent of the Medicare-approved costs for physician services during an inpatient hospital stay, durable medical equipment, and outpatient therapy.
  • Excess charge for Part B.  When physicians charge legally-allowed fees higher than what Medicare is authorized to pay, this perk pays the difference. However, the federal government mandates that doctors can only charge 15 percent in excess of what Medicare has approved for the service or procedure. As example, a senior is having surgery to alleviate varicose veins. Medicare has determined that the customary and reasonable fee for this procedure is $1,800. The physician performing the procedure, if unwilling to settle for this $1,800 as full payment, would only be allowed to charge an additional $270 ($1800 x .15), for a total fee of $2,070.  Plan G would pay this additional $270.
  • Co-insurance fee for hospice care provided through Part A
  • Co-insurance for a stay in a skilled nursing facility
  • 80 percent of the cost of emergency care while traveling outside the United States. The only qualifier is that the care take place within the first 60 days of the overseas travel.

Medigap

Why choose Medicare Supplement Plan G ?

This Medigap plan is one of only two supplements that pay Part B excess charges – fees that can be considerable for those who have chronic health maintenance needs or costly surgeries.  The alternate choice for this coverage is Plan F, which , unlike Plan G, pays the Part B deductible. Plan F monthly premiums are greater, however. Deciding between the two must take into account availability in the senior’s residing state.  While the U.S. federal government requires that each insurance carrier selling Medicare Supplements must offer Plan F, it has no such requirement for Plan G. Thus, Plan G may be harder to find, with fewer carrier and monthly premium choices.

Let’s study examples:

In Houston, Texas, four insurance carriers offer both Plans F and G. These are Gerber Life Insurance Company, GPM Life and Health Insurance Company, Humana, and United World Life Insurance Company. We compared rates for a 65-year-old male. Without exception, Plan F monthly premiums exceeded Plan G.

As example, the estimated monthly premium for GPM ‘s Plan G is $130.62; for its Plan F the premium is $174.83. A Texas senior using annual cost as criteria for a decision on whether to purchase Plan F or Plan G would find Plan G the best choice. The math looks like this: Plan F premium of $174.83 minus Plan G premium of $130.62 equals a savings of $530.52 annually ( or $44.21 monthly.) The only benefit derived from Plan F coverage as opposed to Plan G is the Plan B deductible payment (in 2017, $183 annually.)  A senior opting for Plan G would then save $347.52 in 2017 ($530.52 minus $183.)

In considering Plan G over the nine other Medicare Supplemental insurance plans, the two primary factors are:

  • Whether Plan B excess charges are anticipated. That is, if the insured anticipates multiple or high-cost medical procedures by physicians who typically charge more than the allowed Medicare fees. If the answer is yes, the choice narrows to either Plan F or Plan G.
  • If, after a mathematical comparison of medicare supplemental Plans F and Plan G premiums in the insured’s state, the cost difference exceeds the annual Plan B deductible, Medicare G is the best choice.
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